Bengali recipe garur daal - Garsi Vrat
Table of Contents - garur daal - Garsi Vrat
- Garsi Vrat in Cooch Behar District
- Garur Dal
- Preparation of Garur Dal
- Garsi Vrat Customs
- Garse Shashti in Birbhum
- Culture of Rarh Dharma Thakur
- Garbhana Sankranti
- Ashwin Sankranti in Faridpur
- Kulkuluti Vrat
- Garshi Ashwin Sankranti Lakshmi Puja
- Bankura Ashwin Sankranti Devi Puja
In West Bengal, how is Garur Dal (a traditional Bengali dish) prepared in various districts?
1. Garsi Vrat in Cooch Behar District
The Garsi Vrat is one of the Cooch Behar district's most migrating Vrats. East Bengalis are primarily fans of this Vrat ritual. The most significant day to keep this vow is Ashwin Sankranti. On the day of the fast, married women typically observe this fast and consume vegetarian meals. This day is observed as Garu Sankranti by the Hindus of the Dhaka region of East Bengal in a variety of ways. It is customary to consume pulses and bitters made with shaluk stem, raw tamarind, raw turmeric, etc. on this day.
To mist kajal prepared of banana leaf, tamarind, raw turmeric, dried jute leaves, mustard, and other ingredients, a pail of water is left in the yard or on the roof of the home. There is a custom to wash your face with tamarind paste the next morning, brush your teeth with it, and take a bath with raw turmeric on your face. This vow's primary goal is to eliminate scabies.
Many people set fire to the head of a jute stick and emit smoke like a cigarette for this domestic trick. It cures colds and coughs. Those who have land perform puja in front of the field in the morning by placing a pot filled with vermilion, oil, and five mango leaves.
Among the Barujeevi community of Dhaka district who live in this area, on the occasion of Garsi Vrat, there is a rule of burning tamarind on the head of a jute stick and rotating it around the house. During the Garsi Vrat, people of this community feed paddy to Sadh, which is called "Dhanake honda khaoyano" in East Bengali. They also say a rhyme.
"Āśbinē rēkhē kātikē khāẏa, yē bara māṅē sē'i bara pāẏa"
2. Garur Dal
Again, the author of "Pakadhaner Gaan" Savitri Roy wrote in sadness "Malu came to the paddy field to pick the shapla for cooking 'Garur Dal', but he forgot to pick the Shapla and stood one knee in the water of the field and watched the paddy trees being fed. His dream is if he grew up well, he could be the owner of such a paddy field, he would also feed the sadh the paddy field with raw turmeric paste."
3. Preparation of Garur Dal
In the meantime, Garsi Vrat also has another custom. On the day of Ashwin Sankranti, a symbolic pond is cut in the backyard customary planting a Jujube tree. A statue of an old woman sits on the lap of a child sitting on the edge of a pond. All the readily accessible veggies, including Saplar roots, raw tamarind, raw turmeric, white old rice pumpkin, sweet pumpkin, shola kachu, gati kachu, mukhi kachu, mukhi potato, kalmi shak, etc., are useful for this dal. Eight different vegetable varieties should be cooked in a large pot without the addition of sambar or tempering in the arahar or khesari dal. The name of this dal is "garur dal" , Bel leaves must be burned during the vow. It is customary to cook this dal on Ashwin Sankranti and eat it the next day. Garsi Vrat is also called Lakshmi Vrat. There is also a rhyme here in East Bengali. E.g. – 'Who eats in the Kartika that cooked in Ashwin becomes Bhaigyavati.'
Durga Puja is the best of all, not only the puja but the festival - Durgotsava, it is a big deal Meanwhile, there are some small Vrat pujas rural Bengalis have. Durga Puja is late in the month of Kartik. These Small Vrat pujas are before that first. Ashwin Sankranti Day While the Durga Pratima is being painted in the mandap, there is a kind of puja in the mature rice paddy - paddy-shower. Children are the main priests here. "Āśbina khāẏa kāntika āsē, mā lakṣmī garbhē basē. Sādha khā'ō mā sādha khā'ō"- this is the mantra. The mantra says that the children will pour a cup of milk on the edge of the field. The milk inside the rice, the original condition of the grain should be very good. With milk, then spread the batasa, that is, the taste of the rice should be sweet. Children are also farmer - so the field is his daughter. The pregnant girl is fed by her husband - Children are being fed by the mother in the field, see.
4. Garsi Vrat Customs
Again, just the day after Sankranti a different festival – Garsi will begin. The elders of the house are getting up to get up everyone! Come on, Everyone is up—married or widows, young or old, all gathered from home and home to one place to do Garsi.
Speaking the rhyme and ran to the pond with before day begun needs to bring ritual water that only gets fresh, everything else is leftover. During the day and night, you can't put a fire in the heat to cook anything. On top of that, the village is already quite cold. All returned with water. Turmeric paster, mustard paste, fenugreek paste, oil and all in all bowls-in bowls. New leaves of jujube tree are kept in a bowl. Laying kajal on kajal leaves. A handful of green tamarind. They arranged all on the kulo.
He set fire to the jute stick After washing the hands in the water of the fire, the hands and feet are being trained in the fire. Burn raw tamarind in the fire of jute wood - the tamarind has become like latex under the opening. Now mix the oil batter and rub it on your body, fenugreek tea leaves, etc. Butter and ghee but don't put ghee on your hair, then hair will turn white.
One piece of jute stick is broken and given to everyone - a load of fire is being pulled on the end and to be puffed up by everyone. This is the rule of Garsi Vrat ritual.
Bairagi's voice from dawn, today is the first day. Prabhati is sung in these two months between Baisakh and Kartik years. Singing the Durga arrival song today. In a few days, people will be sad when Bairagi sings about Bisharjan. Harikatha, Krishnakatha - all the usual songs will be sung after Durgotsav.
5. Garse Shashti in Birbhum
Garse Shashti or Garse Vrat or Nal Sankranti in Birbhum: On Ashwin Sankranti in Birbhum, girls go to paddy fields and perform puja. Put atapchal, kajal etc. in the plate and set fire to the jute straw rope (big) and after performing the puja, pour a cup of water on the ground. On this day, it is customary to plant a shar or reed stick in the paddy field. It is full of ingredients such as ol, manakchu, raisorshe, ausher alochal, ghee, honey etc. The Shaad of Paddy – Paddy shower.
6. Culture of Rarh Dharma Thakur
Kaminikumar Roy wrote - Guma Dewa episode. "That is the Shaadh Bhhakshan or Dohad Dan Sanskar of this Aman Paddy. When the grain emerges from the paddy plant, in Ashwin Sankranti, peasant householders greet Dhanya Lakshmi with incense. On that day, they spread the aromatic spice "Tailapakka Methi" - etc. (fenugreek seeds fried in oil) on mango leaves and pack them on a jute stick. He comes to the paddy field with this and planted in the paddy field, asked loudly – ‘Dak’ (Dak Lakshmi, the grain god) says" -
"Āśbina yāẏa kārtika āsē sakala śasyēra garbha basē
rāmēra hātē ‘gumā’ dhāna ha'isa tina dunā"
7. Garbhana Sankranti
Ashwin Sankranti is called Garbhana Sankranti in Medinipur: Earlier I talked about Sharakathi or Nala Pota. On the head of that stick, nadu, yellow cloth, betel nut and manpata are tied and given to a paddy field, a manure heap and another house of rice. Mr Chintaharan Chakraborty said in this context - "Garsi, Garui or Garu Vrat is observed in various places on Ashwin Sankranti. In many places, it is a festival of feeding paddy.
8. Ashwin Sankranti in Faridpur
The Sabbath day of each month is originally proposed as Sankranti of the following month, but in current parlance, it is called Sankranti of the previous month. As such, the last day of Ashwin month is called Ashwin Sankranti. On Ashwin Sankranti, rituals were performed in all the Hindu homes in Faridpur. This is called "Garsi". This day marks the end of the lovely autumn season and the beginning of winter. According to Hindu astrology, these days and nights were equal during the reckoning of the year.
Dew begins in the month of Kartika, this season changes the shape of various diseases. There is no month as unhealthy as Kartika. People call the month of Kartik the "Southern Door of Yama". Lord's name was chanted in every house on the night of Ashwin Sankranti to be saved from various harmful effects of this terrible time. In many villages, they used to stay up all night doing Harinam from house to house; Mahasankirtan was held in various rooms; Many would spend the night chanting and gathering at a nearby place. The next morning, the boys would beat the fences of all the houses with sticks, eat the smoke of jute sticks and apply boiled raw tamarind paste on their skin to get rid of mosquitoes, flies etc. In the month of Kartika, there was a custom of offering Akash Pradeep from house to house and lamp donations in the Dev Mandir every day. Earlier, from Ashwin Sankranti, village girls used to do “Yampukur Vrat’ for the entire month of Kartik.
9. Kulkuluti Vrat
Girls have been observing this vow to protect the family of father, father-in-law and uncle. From Ashwin Sankranti to Kartik Sankranti, this rhyme was recited by lighting one earthen lamp in each tulsi tala with 7 jujube leaves and 7 pytari flowers. Akash Pradeep - The lamp offered in Akash or Vishnu temple every evening from Ashwin Sankranti to Kartik month for the deities on the head of bamboo etc.
Tōmāra pāẏē dicchi bāti.
Bāpa mā āra śbaśura kula,
akṣaẏa amara hōka ē tina kula.
From the domestic animals of Greater Bengal to the faces and prosperity of the house, Bengali girls celebrate this vow. People of different castes and castes of Bengal celebrate this Vrat in different ways on Ashwin Sankranti Day. This Vrat is celebrated just before sunrise. We know that Pykati has a special relationship with this vow. In some places, small boys and girls sit in a circle and warm themselves by the fire of the Pyakati. In some places, they set fire to the Pyakati and go around the village. Somewhere they hold the kulo upside down and play the kulo with a stick like a cough.
Throwing fire with jute sticks playing hooka hooki, - In the evening of Ashwin Sankranti, mosquitoes, flies, insects, and moths run away to protect themselves from the fire because of the fear of this procession. Insects cause many problems in winter. This procession of Kula-Badan and torch of fire is probably not much mistaken if it is called an expedition to kill insects.
10. Garshi Ashwin Sankranti Lakshmi Puja
In some places of Bengal, Lakshmi is welcomed by breaking the sara of Lakshmi. In some places, the vows of Lakshmi are recited. During this lesson, the small children of the house are asked to read the text. Because children become sharper if they study at this time. Boys are not allowed to eat the prasad of the Garshi Vrat, as folk believe that eating this prasad makes them insensible. In some places, the dead mother-in-law is also worshipped along with Garshivrata.
In some parts of Dhalbhum and Jhargram, Ashwin-Sankranti or Dak-Sankranti is the date of the Jhapan festival. Mallabhum's Mansa Puja begins on Dasahara day and ends on Naldaka (Ashwin Sankranti) Sankranti.
No matter whether folk festivals are ritualistic or seasonal, the idea of agriculture and fertility is strong in them, the idea of reproduction is also very active in the serpentism of this country, the best example of which is Ashwin-Sankranti; Its regional name is Daksankranti. On this day, Bankura, Purulia, Birbhum etc. were attacked on the south-western border of Bengal. On Dak Sankranti, pregnant rice seedlings are "sadbha Bhakshana" according to folk tradition. The practice of feeding Sadh is - On this day morning in the paddy field and behind the house, shar kathi is buried. Manglik products such as turmeric, wool, shaluk stalks etc. The people will rhyme and say -
"Ētē āchē śukutā
dhāna habē gaja-mukr̥tā.
Ētē āchē purānō baṛa,
mabā'i karabē kaṛkaṛa.." (Ityādi)
11. Bankura Ashwin Sankranti Devi Puja
In Bankura, Devi Puja is also very popular in the district. Devi Puja is performed in villages like Rampur, Shaltora, Maliara etc. From Ashwin-Sankranti to Kartika-Sankranti, every Vrati in the temple lights fourteen lamps to the deity in the evening at fourteen Madanglis. This is called Devi Puja. However, on the day of Diwali, only fourteen Maranglis are given at dawn by the devotees of Maliar village; And at least one every day.
Devi Puja ends at Diwali in Maliad village. But the residents of Shaltora village worship the Goddess till Kartik-Sankranti. In the evening, from the earthen kohl, mothers would make Kajol and put it on the little children. Only girls can participate in Devi Puja. It seems this goddess is Lakshmi. Because when the girls are wearing kajal in kajalalta they keep saying-
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